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HVK Archives: Draft white paper reveals Pak role in fomenting terrorism

Draft white paper reveals Pak role in fomenting terrorism - The Times of India

Inder Sawhney ()
October 30, 1998

Title: Draft white paper reveals Pak role in fomenting terrorism
Author: Inder Sawhney
Publication: The Times of India
Date: October 30, 1998

Pakistan's ISI-sponsored terrorist operations in Jammu and
Kashmir received a tremendous boost with the deployment of US-
trained militants from Afghanistan, says the proposed draft of a
white paper on ISI operation which is to he presented in the
winter session of Parliament.

Union home minister L.K. Advani on Thursday confirmed in a press
conference in Ahmedabad the government's decision to table the
white paper in response to the demand from MPs from various
parties at the Parliamentary Consultative Committee meeting held

The draft points out that Pakistan strategists were of the
opinion that after Gen. Zia ul-Haq's takeover in 1977, a
religious "fault fine" could he exploited effectively,
particularly in Kashmir, to achieve national objectives which,
among other things, included sowing seeds of disaffection among
the people of the Valley against India.

A copy of the proposed draft obtained by this newspaper lays
bare Pakistan's designs for activating human rights lobbyists,
foreign parliamentarians and academicians to promote the
secessionist cause. The ISI wanted to float and sustain a
legitimate conglomerate in Kashmir, including political parties
subservient to Pakistan, and to project it as a "third party" to
the dispute who represented the "wishes and aspirations" of the
Kashmiri people.

With a view to sustaining the Kashmir operation at minimal cost
and force its settlement on its own terms, Pakistan wanted to
cause disaffection and alienation among the Kashmiris by playing
the religious card, non-performance of the elected government
and the alleged atrocities committed by the security forces.

The draft says that in order to weaken India's potential
strength and national will by hitting at its perceived "fault
lines", Pakistan wanted to pursue the "Qurban Ali Doctrine" of
the inevitable balkanization of India by sending intensively
trained and motivated Pakistani agents to carry out acts of

To prevent India from emerging as a strategically dominant power
in the region, Pakistan's aim is to embarrass India by
internationalizing the Kashmir issue, projecting India as a
violator of UN resolutions and accuse it of a dismal human
rights record, says the draft paper.

According to this document, Pakistan wants to emphasize
commonality of strategic interests of powers like China and the
US to support Pakistan and underplay its role in promoting
international terrorism, drug trafficking and acquisition of
strategic weapon capabilities through clandestine means.

According to the white paper, Pakistan was compelled to follow
this policy because of defeat in three wars and its inability to
match Indian military might because it could ill-afford the
dangers and cost of a conventional war. Islamabad has always
viewed Kashmir as the "unfinished agenda of partition" and
internal need to placate India-baiters.

The draft says that the factors which led to the growth of
Pakistan's covert action programme included operational linkages
established by the ISI with drug syndicates in Pakistan,
Afghanistan and India, the availability of terrorist hardware
free of cost and, above all, the country's political and
military leadership slipping into the hands of hawks. Terrorism
was further stoked due to the operational linkages developed by
the ISI with fundamentalist Islamic groups the world over from
where recruits and material help was drawn for the Afghan war.

Pakistan's gameplan, says the draft, was to bring hitherto
unaffected areas, particularly the Jammu region, into the vortex
of militancy. The aim was to use terrorist threats to seek
acquiescence of moderate political leaders, government
functionaries, religious leaders, social activists and

The ISI wanted to use infiltrators from Bangladesh to
destabilize the north-east and provide sanctuaries to top Sikh
terrorist leaders in Pakistan and attempt a revival of militancy
in Punjab.

To weaken India's potential strength and national will, the ISI
wanted to promote smuggling and dispersal of illegal weapons,
patronage to drug syndicates, developing linkages with
underworld mafias, and encouragement to other disruptive forces.
It wanted to push counterfeit currency through various points
and use hawala operations to finance a covert action programme.

In pursuance of its objectives, the ISI wanted to spread the
tentacles of terrorism not only in Jammu and Kashmir but also
Punjab, Assam and Nagaland by carrying out subversive propaganda
on fundamentalist and communal fines among sections of the
border population.

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